Kamyshin municipality, Volgograd region
Geographical position: Volgograd region, Kamyshin municipality, village Umet, 30 km away from the municipal centre, Kamyshin. 220 km away from the regional centre, Volgograd.
Activities: plant growing (winter wheat, barley, sunflower, chickpea)
The area of the farm: 10 180, 11 hectares
The climate of the municipality
The municipality is located in the
of the mild climatic zone. Natural and climatic characteristics of the territory involve contrast change of seasons, typical weather features, atmospheric phenomena, moistening conditions.
The average precipitation number is 335 mm on the territory of Kamyshin municipality. In some years 400-500 mm (596 mm in the year 1989). The heat provides 800-850 mm moisture evaporation from the open water surface, it means that it evaporates 2-3 times more moisture than with precipitation. Consequently the climate of the territory is characterized by intensive heat, by contrast lack of precipitation and high degree of aridity.
The biggest quantity of precipitation takes place during warm season, primarily in June, the smallest quantity of precipitation takes place in February and in March. The biggest quantity of precipitation per day (60-70 mm) is observed in summer period.
Soil characteristics of the region
Chestnut soils are the most widespread in the region, the north-west is characterized by dark chestnut soils. You may also come across light chestnut and meadow chestnut soils (the bank of the IIovlya river). Chestnut soils together with solonets soils are very widespread – 74 000 hectares, this accounts for 43% of all agricultural soils.
Along river valleys and dry lands the region possesses very valuable soils such as chestnut soils and chernozems, and floodplain haymakings with 3-3,5% of humus.
The mechanical composition of soils in the relation to the total area of arable lands of the region is the following: clayey soils and hard loams account for 40%, medium sandy soils and light sandy soils account for 46%, sandy loams and sandy soils account for 13,7 %, the area of stony arable lands is 14, 9 thousand hectares.
The territory possesses a very good soil potential because of big areas and fertile soils with heavy mechanical composition that gives an opportunity to cultivate a vast number of agricultural products.
The agrochemical laboratory proves the presence of dark chestnut and chestnut soils together with light chestnut soils in this farm. The big area of lands in the farm and the distance between the plots of lands explains different types of soils. Even chernozems are differentiated, for example, ordinary chernozems, southern chernozems, podzolized chernozems and dark grey forest soils which are similar in color. And all this is a typical phenomenon. In this farm there are three types of soils where light chestnut soils predominate. Light chestnut soils account for 60% of all arable lands. The relief of the soils is flat.
The soils possess a different concentration of main macro elements. The agrochemical analysis held in 2008 gives the following results. The concentration of nitrogen ions differentiates the soils to low and intermediate categories. The amount of mobile phosphorus in the plough layer differentiates the soils to intermediate and upper-intermediate categories. The stocks of exchange potassium are to intermediate or to high levels. The presence of the nutritional elements ranges the soils to intermediate category. But the soils have a very good concentration of potassium and an intermediate concentration of phosphorus. The concentration of humus ranges from 1,5 up to 3%.
The complex of technical equipment that possesses the company allows to do works on the area of 6 200 hectares. The area is cultivated according to the due technology.
The machinery includes two tractors (New Holland T9040), two seeders (Bourgault), and also other tractors, seeders, sprayers and other items produced in Russia and Byelorussia.
Thrashing floor (a clear asphalted area under a shed) with the capacity of 3-4 thousand tons of simultaneous storage. Two covered warehouses (the joined capacity of storage is 1,5 thousand tons). They are rented from the local Administration.
Manager of the Farm – Sergey Shnaider
Chief Agronomist – Alexander Brylin